Surinam Cherry (Eugenia Uniflora)
Do you need a large shrub or a small tree that will provide you with some shade and also give edible fruits? Then do not hesitate: Eugenia uniflora is one of your best candidates.
With a very simple care and following the advice that I am going to offer you next, I’m sure you’ll enjoy it a lot .
Origin and characteristics
Our protagonist is a large shrub or a small tree whose scientific name is Eugenia uniflora that is popularly known as ñangapiry, capulí, pitanga, currant or cayenne cherry. It is native to the rainforests of Venezuela, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay.
It reaches a height of up to 7.5m. Its branches are thin and sinuous, composed of perennial leaves, simple, opposite to elliptical, glabrous, with a length of between 4 and 6.5cm, slightly aromatic. These are also coppery when they sprout, and little by little they turn green. In winter they turn reddish, and they can fall if the climate is temperate.
It blooms in spring . The flowers are white, solitary or appear in groups of up to four in the axillary foliar. The fruit is an oblate berry, up to 4cm in diameter, with eight visible ribs that go from green to orange and deep purple when ripe, something that three weeks ago after flowering.
Care Of The Surinam Cherry
If you want to get a copy, we recommend providing the following care:
It is important that you place your Eugenia uniflora on the outside, either in full sun or in semi-shade.
- Pot : universal growing medium mixed with 30% perlite.
- Garden : grows well in almost any type of soil, except saline, provided they have good drainage .
The frequency of irrigation will vary depending on the climate and the season of the year in which we find ourselves. Even so, you have to know that you should usually water 3-4 times a week in summer and every 5-6 days the rest of the year .
Being a plant whose fruits are edible, it must be fertilized with organic fertilizers ( guano , manure , compost , etc.). The only thing we have to keep in mind is that you have to use the liquids if you are in a pot since otherwise it could complicate the drainage of the water.
It is not advisable to prune it . A pruned specimen will bear fruit in less quantity than one that has been allowed to grow freely. Even so, if necessary, the dry, diseased or weak branches will be removed at the end of winter.
The fruits are collected as soon as they fall just by gathering them . This avoids the intense resinous taste of the fruit that is half ripe.
To multiply it by seeds you have to do the following :
- First, fill a tray of seedlings (you can buy it here ) with universal culture substrate mixed with 30% pearlite.
- Second, a maximum of two seeds are irrigated and placed in each alveolus, and covered with a very thin layer of substrate.
- Third, it is irrigated again, this time with a sprayer.
- Fourth, the seedbed is placed in a plastic tray with no holes.
From now on, you have to water every 2-3 days, directing the water to the tray that has no holes.
Thus, they will germinate after a month.
To multiply it by cuttings, we must do the following :
- First, a branch of about 30-35cm is cut.
- Then, the base is impregnated with homemade rooters .
- Then, it is planted in a pot with vermiculite and watered.
- Finally, the pot is placed on the outside, in semi-shade, and it is irrigated, preventing the substrate from drying out completely.
In this way, we will get new copies after 1 or 2 months.
The Eugenia uniflora supports frosts of up to -3ºC .
What uses does it have?
It is a plant with a great decorative value. It can be used as an isolated specimen or in groups . With time it reaches a pleasant shade that can be enjoyed by both the family and other plants that are lower ????.
As if that were not enough, you can work as a bonsai.
Bonsai of Eugenia uniflora
The care that needs as bonsai are the following:
- Location : outside, in semi-shade (it has to have more light than shade).
- Substrate : 70% akadama + 30% kiryuzuna.
- Irrigation : every 1-2 days in summer, slightly less the rest of the year.
- Styles : is suitable for everyone.
- Fertilizer : every 15 days in spring and summer with a liquid organic fertilizer, such as guano.
- Pruning : late winter. 6 to 8 pairs of leaves should be allowed to grow, and 4-5 pairs have to be removed.
- Transplant : every 2-3 years.
- Resilience : cannot withstand cold or frost.
Without a doubt, it is the most popular use. You can eat fresh, whole or split fruits . If you like sugar, you can take a little to taste its sweet taste; although you should also know that you can prepare preserves, jellies, jams and / or juices with them.
I am Don Burke, one of the authors at My Garden Guide. I am a horticulturist that cultivates, grows, and cares for plants, ranging from shrubs and fruits to flowers. I do it in my own garden and in my nursery. I show you how to take care of your garden and how to perform garden landscaping in an easy way, step by step.I am originally from Sydney and I wrote in local magazines. Later on, I have decided, more than two decades ago, to create my own blog. My area of specialization is related to orchid care, succulent care, and the study of the substrate and the soil. Therefore, you will see many articles dedicated to these disciplines. I also provide advice about how to improve the landscape design of your garden.