The Weigela florida is a deciduous shrub native to East Asian countries, such as Japan and South Korea, which has become a popular garden plant, with many varieties available ranging from dwarf plants to specimens up to 3 meters in length. high.
It is a shrubby plant that has a rounded shape due to having a wider diffusion than the height. There are many cultivars available but the typical plant has a height range of 180 to 300 centimeters, and a crown diameter that can range from 250 to 350 centimeters.
Weigela Florida: Characteristics And Culture
The bark of the stalk of the Weigela florida is gray-brown and the branches have a habit of arching towards the ground.
The leaves of this species are simple, opposite, elliptical to obovate (egg-shaped), are green and measure approximately 11 long, being present from spring to autumn or early winter, maintaining their color throughout the growing season. The great variety of cultivars has given rise to many other colors of the leaf including the embroidery, gold and edges of the leaves in white and cream.
The Weigela florida blooms for about two weeks from spring to early summer with striking pink flowers. These appear in rather small corimbos, and measure about 2.5 to 3 centimeters long and funnel-shaped or bell shaped.
The flowers are followed by an inconspicuous fruit about 2.5 centimeters long, inside which contains seeds without wings.
The cultivation of the Weigela florida requires a good exposure to sunlight if you want to obtain the best results, although they can grow and develop well in slightly shaded areas, but the flowers will not be as showy.
The plants of this species need fertile soils, with good drainage but quite humid. It can also grow and develop on clay substrates.
In general, the Weigela florida spreads easily from soft or semi-mature cuttings in the summer, or hardwoods towards the end of autumn and during the winter.
If it is multiplied from the seed, it can be planted in trays under a cold frame at any time of the year. Once buried, the grain should be covered lightly with sand. The floor of the tray should be kept moist. It should be noted that germination can be slow.
Definitive transplant of the Weigela florida
When the Weigela florida seedlings are placed in their definitive culture place, it is convenient to place them with a separation margin of no less than 250 centimeters. They can also be placed in pots.
The specimens of this species require an annual pruning. This will help prolong the life of the plant, encourage more vigorous growth, and maintain a more neat general appearance. This work should be carried out immediately after flowering.