Pachysandra ( Pachysandra Terminalis )
- Scientific or Latin name: Pachysandra terminalis
- – Common or vulgar name: Diamond.
- – Family: Buxaceae.
- – Origin: Japan.
- – Small shrub of about 20 cm of height that is extended and forms a thick decorative cover.
- – Leaves: oval bright green. They arise at the tip of the stems, collected in the shape of a diamond.
- – ‘Variegata’ has leaves lined with creamy white, being less vigorous.
- – Its flowering has very little ornamental value.
- – Uses: widely used as a carpet in areas of high shade. The most appropriate is to plant it in large groups as a cover plant.
- – Suitable for pots.
- – Light: supports the dense shade of trees and large bushes.
- – Tolerates a certain degree of dryness.
- – Soil: prefers fertile and fresh land.
- – If it ages and its foliage becomes impoverished, prune it to 5 cm. of the soil, at the end of winter.
- – Multiplication by division of kills at the end of winter or woody cuttings in the middle of summer or late summer.
It is a perennifolia cover plant very interesting for its foliage and does not exceed 20 cm in height. Its beautiful and glossy serrated edge leaves are dark green, have an oval shape and are arranged alternately at the end of the stems; There is a variety Variegata with white spots. They produce spikes with small flowers that are not as decorative as leaves. They bloom in late winter and early spring.
They are usually used under trees (undergrowth) or to cover shaded areas of the garden as well as in pots for patios, terraces and balconies, especially if they are facing north.
Pachysandra lives well in shadow or semi-shade exhibitions . The average annual temperatures should be between 15-25 ºC.
While it can thrive in soil sandy and poor prefer containing organic matter and well drained.
The risks are moderate all year, waiting for the soil to dry thoroughly before watering again except in summer that will increase a little.
Fertilize every 15 days with a mineral fertilizer during the spring.
They do not need pruning but if their foliage looks poor we can give a drastic pruning in early spring about 6 cm from the ground to strengthen the plant.
It is a resistant plant that is not usually affected by problems of pests and diseases.
The Japanese Pachyssandre (Pachysandra terminalis) is a succulent perennial soil cover with evergreen foliage, which grows slowly but surely, that is, it will form a very homogeneous carpet, which makes it possible to mask a bare floor above all. If it is wet and humid.
Pachysandra terminalis has excellent resistance. It will take some years to create a soil cover worthy of that name (at least 3 years) but it will never be invasive despite its rhizomes that are healing the path.
The green and fleshy stems are similar to the rhizomes. At the end of the short glabrous twigs, the leaves come together in groups, obovate, dark green, bright, with coarse teeth and 5 to 10 cm long.
In May or June, 2-3 cm long ears consist of small unisexual white flowers, apetalesas, white (masculine) or greenish (feminine). The inflorescences are not exceptional, especially the evergreen leaves that make all the attractiveness of this vegetation cover.
- Family: Buxaceae
- Type: perennial
- Origin: Japan, China
- Color: white flowers, greenish white.
- Sowing: no
- Cut: yes
- Plantation: spring or autumn.
- Flowering: May and June.
- Height: 20 to 30 cm.
Ideal soil and exposure for Pachysandra terminalis.
The Pachysandra terminalis is grown in the shade or in the shade, but not in direct sunlight on a rich, fresh and humid soil.
Date of sowing and sowing of Pachysandra terminalis.
It is between September and April that you will plant Pachysandra terminalis.
Its multiplication is done by division of the oldest tufts in the spring, or by herbaceous cuttings in June.
Care and advice of culture of Pachysandra terminalis.
In case of dry summer, water in abundance. The cultivation of Pachysandra terminalis does not require anything special, except the elimination of dry branches if necessary.
Diseases, pests and parasites of the Pachysandra terminalis.
The slugs are quite fond of the leaves of Pachysandra terminalis.
Location and favorable association of Pachysandra terminalis.
It is a plant that is cultivated in vegetable cover, weeds, shaded slopes, borders, pots.
Recommended varieties of Pachysandra to plant in the garden.
There are 4 species in total. The Japanese pachyssandre ( Pachysandra terminalis ) is the best known also with its cultivars such as Pachysandra finishes ‘Green carpet’ (15cm), more compact with finer serrated leaves, Pachysandra terminalis ‘Variegata’ (15cm) with marginal leaves of white growth and even slower…