The Linden tree is an impressive tree that grows in the forests of the Northern Hemisphere. With a height of up to 30 meters and a crown diameter of up to 10m, it is a perfect plant to have as an isolated example in large gardens. It does not require special care, so if you do not have much experience in green care, this plant will give you great satisfaction.
Characteristics of the linden tree
The linden tree is a genus of trees that includes about 30 species, the best known being the Tillia cordata and the Tillia platyphyllos . All of them have the deciduous leaves, which reach incredible sizes as we mentioned at the beginning, and which can live up to 900 years . The leaves are light green, have serrated edges, and measure up to 20cm wide. The flowers are aromatic, and have the shape of yellow clusters.
They are very dear plants, since they provide very good shade and are very decorative. Let’s know how to take care of them.
If we want to have a linden tree, we will need to have a garden with a lot of space available so that it can grow and develop correctly. But it is also advisable that we take into account the following:
We have to plant it in full sun , at a minimum distance of 33 meters from another top floor. It is very important that we plant it at a minimum distance of 10m from any construction, as its roots could damage it.
It grows on all types of soils , but prefers those that stay cool and moist.
Frequent in summer, something scarcer the rest of the year . We have to avoid waterlogging, but keep the soil moist. So, for example, if the weather is dry, we will water it up to 3 times a week in summer, but if it rains, 2 weekly waterings will be sufficient during that season. The rest of the year we will water it no more than 2 times / week.
Fertilizing a Linden tree
During the growing season, that is, in spring and summer, it is highly recommended that we fertilize it with organic fertilizers , such as horse manure or guano.
It is not necessary , although if it grows a lot we can cut its branches in autumn or at the end of winter.
Resistance And Resilience
It supports without frost frosts of up to -15ºC , but excessive heat (of more than 30ºC) harms it.
Multiplication And Propagation
If we want to have new specimens, we can plant their seeds in the spring. But we have to know that during the first year it is very difficult for them to germinate, since they are protected by a very hard cover. To soften it, we can subject the seeds to thermal shock, which consists of introducing them in a glass with boiling water for 1 second and 24 hours in another glass with water at room temperature.
The next day, we will plant them in pots with universal culture substrate mixed with 20% pearlite, and keep it moist.
Plagues and diseases
The most common problems are the following:
- Roya : it is a fungus that attacks leaves and green stems. In the affected plant will appear orange bumps. It is fought with Oxicarboxina.
- Cottony cochineal: if the climate is hot and dry, the woodlice will feed on the sap of the tree. In principle, they are not able to kill him, but you have to keep them at bay. To do this, it is highly recommended to treat the plant with an anticochlear insecticide, such as paraffin oil.
- Drills : are larvae that feed on the wood of trunks and branches, as they dig galleries. They are fought with Fenvalerate, Bifentrin or Deltamethrin.
Uses and properties of linden
This is a tree that is planted in gardens for its incredible ornamental value . But it must also be said that it has many and very interesting medicinal properties . And, how many times have you heard that a lime can help you sleep better? Someone else, right? As well. Besides being a natural remedy against insomnia, for which it will be enough to drink an infusion with 4-5 leaves, it is often used to:
- Soothe the headache : if you have this type of pain, prepare an infusion with 5-10 leaves.
- Relieve foot pain : prepare an infusion of 7-10 leaves, and wash your feet.
- Rheumatism : you can prepare an infusion with up to 10 leaves, or a poultice made with leaves and crushed flowers.
- Colds, colds, flu : prepare an infusion with 10 grams of leaves in a liter of boiling water, and take it three times a day.
- Colic : to relieve them, take infusions made with 10-15 leaves several times a day.
In addition, it should be noted that when the leaves fall in the fall, they provide a humus of high mineral content and nutrients when they decompose, which is very useful for improving poor land.