Different Types Of Salvia Plants
The Salvia is a genus of plants that has about 900 species between herbaceous and shrubs. The species are made up of perennial, biennial and annual herbs .
In today’s article we’re going to talk about the types of Salvia you can find in stores so you can plant later in your garden, so take note.
Salvia’s most important varieties
Salvia Splendens: Originally from Brazil, it is one of the red species of sage. In fact and because of its vivid color it is very used to decorate. Its consumption produces hallucinations given its composition of psychoactive .
Salvia Microphylla: It comes from Arizona and Mexico, also called rose sage, produces bunches of fuchsia flowers , is able to survive and continue to bloom even in temperatures of up to -12 degrees.
Its flowering occurs at the end of summer and in the autumn.
Salvia Elegans: This plant has a characteristic that undoubtedly distinguishes it from the other species of sage since its foliage emits a delicious aroma of pineapple , specifically the “Scarlet Pineaple”, whose flowers are deep red and particularly larger than normal.
But having a particular fruity aroma is not unique to the Scarlet as there are two other sub species, the “Honey Melon” whose characteristic aromas are the smell of melon and the “Tangerine” with tangerine aroma.
These are not very resistant to low temperatures.
Salvia Farinacea: Commonly used in gardens for its ornamental value , it produces striking purple-blue spikes, which are suitable for use in pots and also on garden floors.
The Natives of Mexico and Texas, are resistant to high temperatures and occur without problems in moderate climates; however, it requires a little more moisture than the other species.
Salvia Leucantha: Originally from Mexico, it deserves its other name ” salvia mexicana ” and also known as ” cat’s tail “. It produces beautiful bouquets of white flowers combined with lavender blue or purple, with velvety texture, ideal for pots, flower beds and borders.
Salvia Officinalis: Highly valued for its medicinal properties such as healing, it combats the absence of blood flow, stimulant, antiseptic, low blood sugar and others.
This sage is also used as a flavoring in the culinary arts of Italy and other countries.
Salvia Hispánica: Originally from Mexico, the most appreciated of this are its seeds which have a high content of Omega 3 and are used to prepare a very nutritious gluten-free flour.
Salvia Sclarea or Romana: Originates in the Mediterranean Sea and in the center of Asia, much appreciated by some due to its spicy aroma.
Apiana Salvia or White Salvia: It is characterized by its beautiful bouquets of white flowers combined with lavender. In ancient times they used it to scare away evil spirits and for the purification of the body, they also consumed it under the premise of immortality.
Salvia Nemorosa: Its leaves were used to make poultices that heal wounds , although nowadays its use is more towards the ornamental.
In summary, sage is recognized worldwide thanks to its various species (more or less 900), its characteristics ranging from the color of its flowers, the texture of these, the aromas that give their resistance to different types of climate and soil and medicinal qualities capable of combating different pathologies.
The 900 species are distributed throughout four continents , with a great variety of sub species that, giving us pleasant aromas, colorful colors and shapes.
Mexico is the country that has the largest variety of salvias , those that come from this country, as well as South America and Central America are said to be the most beautiful since their flowers are characterized by having very bright colors while maintaining its flowering even in less climates favorable for other plants.
Other Salvias: Salvia subrotunda, coccinea, uliginosa, pallida, nervosa, rypara, excerta, cuspidata, stachydifolia, atrocyanea and procurrens.