Monoecious vs Dioecious Plants

Monoecious Vs Dioecious Plants

When we want to grow our own plants obtaining seeds of these same vegetables, we have to take into account how they multiply naturally; that is, from what organs their flowers arrange to allow the development of a new generation.

Therefore, in gardening it is very important to know what are the dioecious and monoecious plants , since knowing their answer will avoid us more than a headache

monoecious vs dioecious plants

What are dioecious plants?

The dioic plants are those that little by little we are leaving, unfortunately, a little aside because we are not very profitable. They are those that distinguish between male and female specimens , so that for fertilization to occur the pollen of the first must fertilize the ovary found in the flowers of the second.


  • Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo or tree of the shields)
  • Cycas revoluta (kitten)
  • Pistacia vera (pistachio)
  • Persea americana (avocado)
  • Actinidia deliciosa (kiwi)
  • Etc.

What are monoecious plants?

The monoecious plants are gaining ground to the dioicas, at least in the gardens and orchards. They are vegetables that present the male and female organs in the same plant . There are three types:

  • Monoclino-monoicas : they present the reproductive devices in the same flower, as Tulipa sp (tulip).
  • Diclino-monoecious : the same plant has male flowers and female flowers, such as Zea mays (corn).
  • Polígamas : a single plant has hermafroditas and unisexual flowers, like Carica papaya (papaya).
monoecious vs dioecious plants

Parts of a flower

To know if a flower is masculine, feminine or hermaphroditic, it will be enough for us to notice if it has androecium (masculine part), and / or gynoecium (feminine part) . 

Don Burke

I am Don Burke, one of the authors at My Garden Guide.  I am a horticulturist that cultivates, grows, and cares for plants, ranging from shrubs and fruits to flowers. I do it in my own garden and in my nursery. I show you how to take care of your garden and how to perform garden landscaping in an easy way, step by step.I am originally from Sydney and I wrote in local magazines. Later on, I have decided, more than two decades ago, to create my own blog. My area of specialization is related to orchid care, succulent care, and the study of the substrate and the soil. Therefore, you will see many articles dedicated to these disciplines. I also provide advice about how to improve the landscape design of your garden.

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