List Of Edible Plants With Pictures

List Of Edible Plants With Pictures

More and more people want to take care of themselves and grow their own food. It is quite cheaper, and the experience in the care of the plants is very rewarding , since in addition, you know how they have been treated at all times, and with what products, because you are the one who has taken care of it.

However, not everyone has the necessary time to plant. If that is your case, I recommend that you buy young plants, with a height of about 10cm, so that in this way you can plant them directly in your garden or in a pot. But, if you want to have an even more special corner, I’ll tell you what are the best edible plants for your garden.

list of edible plants with pictures



Spinach, whose scientific name is Spinacia oleracea , is an annual plant that is sown in spring and harvested just 2-3 months later. It is rich in minerals, fibers and vitamins, highlighting calcium, iron, potassium and magnesium. It has a high protein content , although it is composed mostly of water. And it is delicious in salads.



The dandelion, or Taraxacum officinale , is also an annual herbaceous plant. It is very easy to grow, because the seeds germinate a few days after planting and grow very fast on any type of substrate or soil. Furthermore, it is a very interesting source of protein , calcium , iron and vitamins A, C and D .


basil edible plant

The basil, or Ocimum basilicum , is an annual plant that is characterized by having a very pleasant smell. It can be used both to flavor your recipes and for its medicinal properties, since it is diuretic , digestive and helps to regenerate the skin after a wound .


Chicory, known scientifically as Cichorium intybum , is a perennial herbaceous plant that has numerous benefits. It helps to relieve the symptoms of liver diseases, to prevent constipation, and to leave coffee little by little; In fact, it is one of the best substitutes that exist .


Swiss chard, or Beta vulgaris var. cicla , is an annual herbaceous plant of very fast growth that supports the drought quite well. Plant them in your garden or garden in early spring, and you can harvest them after eight weeks. It has a high content of vitamins A and C , magnesium , iron , folates (help keep the immune system strong and healthy), and in water .


The purslane, or Portulaca oleracea , is one of the plants that, more than on land, we recommend growing in a pot, even if it is annual. They grow very quickly, being able to cover areas in a very short time. Nevertheless, it has a high content of fatty acids Omega 3 , calcium , magnesium and vitamins A, B, C and E . It is also used as a laxative and diuretic.

Sage Or Salvia Officinalis

Sage, or Salvia officinalis , is an aromatic plant with precious lilac inflorescences that you can have in your garden. But besides being very decorative, it must also be said that it has very interesting medicinal properties: it relieves oral inflammations and headaches , balances the nervous system , fights stomach infections , and is, moreover, antiseptic . What more could you want?


Rosemary, or Rosmarinus officinalis , is a slow-growing shrub that reaches a maximum height of 1m. It is used to flavor meat dishes, but also stands out for its medicinal properties: it is disinfectant , stimulant and diuretic .



Parsley, or Petroselinum crispum , is a more popular two-year-old biennial (ie, two-year-old) herbaceous plant.Protect it from the direct sun so that abundant leaves grow, which you can use to season all kinds of dishes, since it is also very rich in vitamin C, or for its fantastic medicinal properties. This is an interesting diuretic , depurative , and digestive plant very easy to care for.


Mint, or Mentha piperita , is another of the aromatic plants that can not miss in your garden. It is perennial, which means that it lives several years, and if that was not enough, it can be easily reproduced by cuttings (10cm). Its leaves are used to flavor dishes, to make infusions, jellies. It has antiseptic and soothing properties , which is why it is recommended to put a leaf under a tooth that hurts a lot to calm the pain.


Lettuce, or Lactuca sativa , is an annual horticultural plant that is sown in spring and harvested in summer. It is usually the main ingredient of salads, so they are not missing in any garden. It has a high content of vitamins A and C, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, calcium and iron.


Asparagus comes from plants known scientifically as Asparagus officinalis . They are lively, growing every season from the rhizome that is underground. They can be used, for example, mixed with fried eggs, to make tortillas, or as another ingredient for salad. They are rich in vitamin C, potassium and phosphorus.


It is true, it is not precisely the most decorative plant we can have in a garden, nor the most appreciated. However, it is an herb that has many medicinal properties that can not be ignored: they are digestive , laxative , hepatic and antidiabetic . And the best thing is that they take care of themselves ????, so you only have to take the leaves you need, and make yourself an infusion.

Cercis Siliquastrum

If you do not have it yet, I recommend that you plant a Judea Tree in your garden. Its scientific name is Cercis siliqastrum , and it is very decorative. It grows to a height of 6-7m, and has deciduous leaves. The beautiful lilac flowers will appear in spring, making it look spectacular. And, if you’re hungry, you can eat the flower buds , either raw or cooked.


Chive, or Allium schnoenoprasum , is a bulbous herb that blossoms in spring. Put it in a place where it receives direct sunlight, and you can take advantage of its magnificent medicinal properties. So much so, that is one of the best allies against cancer , and also help us fall asleep.

Calendula officinalis

We finish this list with the Calendula, scientifically known as Calendula officinalis . It is a biannual herbaceous plant with very decorative orange flowers. Its leaves are used for salads, and also for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antibacterial properties .

We hope you have found it interesting to create a corner with edible plants in your garden.

Don Burke

I am Don Burke, one of the authors at My Garden Guide.  I am a horticulturist that cultivates, grows, and cares for plants, ranging from shrubs and fruits to flowers. I do it in my own garden and in my nursery. I show you how to take care of your garden and how to perform garden landscaping in an easy way, step by step.I am originally from Sydney and I wrote in local magazines. Later on, I have decided, more than two decades ago, to create my own blog. My area of specialization is related to orchid care, succulent care, and the study of the substrate and the soil. Therefore, you will see many articles dedicated to these disciplines. I also provide advice about how to improve the landscape design of your garden.

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