The Flower Of Hibiscus
The hibiscus flower is big. It is not the largest known, but it is one of the largest shrubs. Its size ranges between 6 and 12 centimeters in diameter which is already a lot.
It is formed by five or ten petals, depending on whether it is simple or double, of very different colors: pink, red, white, yellow, orange, two-color … The stamens are arranged in a columnar pattern so that they protrude from the corolla.
The hibiscus is a plant that can reach from two to five meters and grows in the form of a shrub or tree. Hibiscus can also be known as Hibiscus of China or Hibiscus of Hawaii , differentiating it from this form of other species of Hibiscus.
Its flowers are up to 20 cm in diameter and there is a great variety in terms of the coloring of the colors in their petals and all this is because in their nuclei, the cells contain two or more sets of chromosomes , so that the cultures they multiply vegetatively, since it is difficult for the seeds to generate plants identical to the mother plants.
When does it start to grow?
To be able to enjoy this flower marvel, we must wait until spring arrives , since it is when its flower buds open until autumn. Although that yes: it is necessary to know that only remains open during a day; so you have to have your camera or mobile ready to be able to photograph it.
This can be grown in gardens, since it is a plant used in the streets of the city, but in case you want to grow them at home , it is also possible, the key element is to keep it trimmed and a short stature.
This plant is of Asian origin , for its cultivation the ideal climate is tropical or in its subtropical effect, the minimum temperature that is needed for the crop must be within 7C ° and 12C °, depending on the variation and in places where make cold can be grown in pots or greenhouses , so that when the temperature increases can be transported to hotter places.
The lighting must be direct, it is necessary for its growth to receive sunlight directly. As for irrigation, the soil should always be moist but without excess water.
For growth, the soil must have good drainage, be fertile and rich in organic matter , with a pH between 6 and 7. Generally, during the spring and summer the outcrop occurs, however, it can flower throughout the year also depending of the conditions of cultivation that is had, being the ideal thing, that between each space there is one or two meters of difference.
The seeds can be sown in pots with a minimum of ten centimeters in diameter, with a depth of 0-5 centimeters .Commonly, the germination of the seeds lasts between one to four weeks and they are ready to be transplanted from having 4 to 6 leaves.
They can be cut to about ten centimeters and planted in pots containing moist soil , this is generally the method of propagation to obtain plants equal to the mothers.
One tip that can help you to grow this plant is to use the formulated Tecnutri, a high quality product that contains great balanced nutrients and highly soluble , which helps the plant to give a better structural and vegetative growth. The result of using this fertilizer is that it will help produce more lively and exuberant flowers. This is one of the products that guarantees to always have a healthy plant, with many abundant flowers as well as having a spectacular and intense color.
So if you want to have a hibiscus, that is really healthy and with abundant flowers, be sure to follow these steps, control the climate where you place it and be careful to water and prune them whenever necessary.
The Characteristics Of The Hibiscus
The hibiscus , who does not know them? Shrubs whose flowers can make you dream … they are spectacular! With large petals, and very different colors, there are more and more cultivars. And that is, they are very grateful plants that can bloom all year round in hot climates, or even autumn in cooler climates. They are very popular in gardens where we can find them bordering roads, or planted in groups of two or three at different points in the area, creating a burst of color for much of the year.
For many, the great inconvenience they have is only that their flowers last very little: 1-2 days. But these plants produce so many of them that the fact that they stay open so little time is no longer important.
To keep the Hibiscus in perfect condition, we must take into account a number of things:
- They resist soft frosts , of short duration, so if you live in a cold climate it is advisable that you protect them indoors during the winter, in a room where there is plenty of natural light and far from the air currents.
- They can grow as well in full sun as in semi-shade , as long as we avoid drying the substrate, especially in summer. They can resist the drought somewhat, but they will not grow as well and will flourish less.
- Although they can grow up to five meters in height, they can be in a large pot and / or planter without problems.
- It is advisable to fertilize them while they are blooming.
The most used Hibiscus are:
- Hibiscus rosa sinensis : Originally from China. Large dark green leaf. Sensitive to frost
- Hibiscus mutabilis : Originally from the United States. Its leaves are large, with a very soft touch, deciduous. It can be in full sun or slightly shaded.
- Hibiscus syriacus : Originally from Syria. Fallen Leaf. It is, perhaps, the most resistant to the cold since it can withstand frost without problems.
Hibiscus are usually slow-growing plants. Specimens with a certain height – one meter or more – are not easily found in nurseries, and when they are, the price is high. That is why it is highly recommended to buy young plants , which have a more affordable price, and see them grow year after year while we enjoy their magnificent flowers.
Of course, to help them grow we can do the above: fertilize them during the flowering season (from spring to late summer or early fall). We will use, preferably, an organic fertilizer and we will use it following the manufacturer’s recommendations.
They do not usually have problems with pests. In fact, they will not have problems unless the growing conditions are not entirely favorable . For example: the woodlice will appear if it is not watered properly and the fungi will do it if the humidity is excessive. We must try to find the source of the problem to be able to solve it at the root, using, of course, a specific insecticide / fungicide product, but also modifying the crop so that the Hibiscus can recover well and be healthy from now on.
What do I need to prune and what is the best time to do it?
The Hibiscus, being plants native to warm climates, should be pruned in spring or autumn if the weather is mild and no frosts occur. Now, the flower stems and, of course, their flowers, have to be removed as they wither so that they continue to look beautiful and above all healthy.
To do this, you will need pruning shears like the ones you can see in the image above, a small sharp handsaw for branches that are thicker than 0.5cm, and pharmacy alcohol to disinfect the tools before and after using them .
How are Hibiscus pruned?
Hibiscus pruning has a single purpose, and is to obtain new branches to give a compact shape or tree as preferred. For the first case, you have to cut all the branches to 0.6cm from the top of a leaf; while in the second they have to leave the trunks clean. Make sure you do not cut more than 2/3 of any branch, since your plants could end up badly damaged.
To get lower branches, they have to be pinched; that is, cut off the ends of the ones at the top . Then, you have to cut those that look weak, sick or that look bad.
In this way, you will have one or more Hibiscus plants that will produce a large number of flowers.
The hibiscus is a plant that has more and more presence in homes, since it is presented with a large element of decoration, while its flowers are really very beautiful. That is why, to this day this type of plant is increasingly in demand.
For this reason, if you want to know the care that hibiscus should receive or how is known in our country Hibiscus, you just have to keep reading, because we will show you all the tricks to have a healthy plant and get the best possible flowering .
Main care of hibiscus
To begin with, we have to say that this plant is not one of the most delicate , in spite of its beauty. But in fact, it has a series of needs, which must be met if you want to make the plant as green as possible and can flourish every year.
First of all, you have to bear in mind that this plant is of Asian origin. This means that it is a plant that should not be exposed to frost , as this would cause its freezing and therefore death. In this way, you have to be clear that in winter the plant has to be isolated from frost, especially if you live in a really cold place.
On the other hand, this plant needs a lot of humidity , especially during the summer months, when the plant will have a greater need for moisture. For this reason, if you want to enjoy some great and beautiful flowers, watering will have to be a factor that you should not forget.
Also, you have to know that the plant will also need energy. For this reason, we recommend adding granulated fertilizer, with the aim of getting the plant to have the necessary strength to flower. And it is that after all, it is one of the most beautiful things that the plant will offer you, its flowering.
How to prune the Hibiscus?
This plant has to be pruned with care , with the objective of not damaging it and causing its death. For this reason, if you see that it has grown too much and you need to prune it, you have to follow the following tips.
To begin, it is very important that pruning is done especially in spring. This will make you eliminate the dry parts of the plant and especially the bad outbreaks. That is to say, that you will be able to give more strength to the plant, remembering not to cut in any case the main branches, since this could cause important wounds to the plant.
Special Care During Winter
The pink hibiscus of China is one of the most loved by the gardeners: although its flowers do not remain open more than a day, it is producing in such quantity that there are always many open or to open … except when temperatures drop.
After the summer, the plant prepares itself to bear the best possible autumn and, above all, the winter. But if it is the first time we have one, it is very possible that we have many doubts about how to take care of hibiscus in winter . If that is your case, do not hesitate to continue reading .
When winter approaches, one of the things we have to do is to protect the hibiscus from the cold before the temperatures drop below 10ºC, especially if we live in an area where frosts usually occur. Although it resists well up to -1ºC and even -2ºC if it is for a short time, so that it can sprout with strength in spring it is highly recommended to avoid exposing it to these values, since they weaken it enough. Taking this into account, we can protect it with plastic or put it inside the house , in a room where there is plenty of natural light.
Now, let’s go to the irrigation. The frequency of irrigation has to be much lower than what we were following during the summer. With the arrival of autumn, the days become shorter but also colder, and as soon as it ends and gives way to the winter season, you have to water much less. The question is, how often? It will depend on where the hibiscus is and the weather in the area, but usually it should be watered once or twice a week.
If we want, we can pour a small spoonful of Nitrophoska, or a similar product, every 15 days . This will help keep the roots warm, which will prevent you from suffering from the cold.
How to take care of Pests In Hibiscus?
This plant can be very delicate in some occasions, so we must be very careful with the plagues of aphids, red spiders and woodlice, as they can cause the plant to weaken a lot and therefore we can not achieve the desired flowering. But not only these animals can damage the hibiscus, but other animals such as the saw bee or whitefly can also harm this plant.
Therefore, if you see that the plant weakens and can not bloom, the best you can do is look at it thoroughly and see what kind of plague is affecting it. Once you know what it is, the best thing you can do is go to your nursery and buy an insecticide that fights directly against the insect that does not allow this plant to grow well.
Other tips to take good care of the hibiscus
If you see that your plant begins to turn yellow before time, this means that something is not right in it. In this case, the first thing we recommend you do is look at the earth. That is, you have to look at the moisture level of it, since one of the factors that cause the yellow of the leaves is the lack of moisture. If you see that it has no moisture, water as soon as possible, without forgetting that in any case the plant has to be flooded.
If this is not the problem, then what you have to do is add fertilizer to the plant. And the lack of nutrients also causes the leaves to turn yellow. In this type of case, it will be quite normal for the plant to end up losing the damaged leaves, although with a little effort, you will get the plant out without too many problems.
On the other hand, if you see that it shoots the flower beds and therefore does not bloom, then the problem is that the environment is too dry. Although sometimes this can be caused by a late frost, which damages the plant. That is why, we must be very careful with frost, because as we have said before, a frost can damage or even kill the hibiscus.
Meet the hibiscus, a shrub also known as Rosa de China or Cayenne in Latin America.
Common name: Hibiscus, China rose, cayenne
Scientific name: Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis
Origin: Tropical Asia
Family: Malváceas ( Malvaceae)
Flowering: Summer, continuous in tropical climates
Light: In full sun
Ideal temperature: 13-21ºC, although some varieties can withstand up to -15ºC
Irrigation: Abundant without puddling
Subscription: While it is blooming we will fertilize it every 15 days
Description of the hibiscus
If you want to give a Mediterranean touch to your yard , the best choice is the hibiscus floral burst a shrub evergreen that can reach five meters tall when planted in the garden and two meters potted . The leaves are oval with slightly jagged edges, dark green and very bright.
The flowers , which have different sizes and colors depending on the variety, are very striking . They are characterized by having five petals forming a funnel whose center leaves long stamens with yellow anthers that surpass the corolla. The color is variedsince there are red, yellow, orange, pink, white, blue or purple varieties.
In tropical climates, flowering occurs throughout the year , but in our climate, flowers will attract attention from mid-summer to early fall . Plant it in a soil-based compost and water it regularly in summer. Add granulated fertilizer of slow libreation to the compound in spring.
Light and temperature of hibiscus
Given its origin, it requires warm climates that stay between 14 and 18 degrees in winter. It should be safe from cold and frost, in a well-lit place with some sun during the first hours of the day.
Irrigation and fertilizer of hibiscus
The watering must be abundant during the summer , time of flowering, trying to keep the soil always humid. It is important to avoid puddles with good drainage. In winter, it hardly needs water . If grown indoors, the leaves should be sprayed regularly to create a humid environment. It adds granulated fertilizer of slow libreation to the compound in spring and in flowering it pays the hibiscus every two weeks.
So that the flowering is really spectacular, pruning the plant in spring . Start by trimming the shoots of the previous year to maintain an attractive and shrubby shape. Eliminates dead, damaged or matted branches, which can spoil each other. Finally, also cut some old stems to prevent it from growing too congested.
Pests and diseases of hibiscus
This plant is sensitive especially to aphids , woodlice and red spider , although you also have to be careful with the white fly and the leaf saw bee. If its leaves turn yellow it can be an excess of irrigation or lack of nutrients , it is solved reducing the risks and using fertilizer every fifteen days. If, on the other hand, the plant pulls the buds or buds before opening them, it can be cold or too dry .
Curiosities of the hibiscus
The hibiscus, as a medicinal plant , has several properties, among which its digestive, antioxidant and stimulating functions of the liver and kidney can be highlighted . In addition, red hibiscus is one of the favorite soft drinks in some African countries. You just have to make an infusion with the dried leaves, add sugar or honey and let it cool in the fridge. Great!
It has different names depending on the region, such as: carnation, San Joaquín obelisk, poppy, pilgrim, papo, kinesia cucarda, blood of Christ, astromel, resurrected, Hawaiian Islands, Cayenne, Rosachina, Pacific Sea, Jamaica flower, Carloti, rosella, pink china, chilina, fonche, among others.
It is a tropical plant native to Southeast Asia, with large and exotic flowers, with a variety of colors.
It has become very popular in gardens and is ideal for landscape work.
It occurs very well in hot and dry climates where it remains flown all year without much attention, while in continental climates it blooms in summer.
So far, 150 species are known.
It belongs to the family of the malvaceas of perennial foliage and is a small tree.
This plant has been the subject of many experiments to improve the size and color of its flowers, since the plant in its natural state flowers are small and the flowers are not as exotic, so every year they are coming out flowers of different colors and shades of spectacular beauty.
The hibiscus is cultivated as an ornamental plant, medicinal (for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, diseases of respiratory and venereal tract) and food in the form of tea of herbs.
If you have a hibiscus plant in your house, you should protect it against pests such as chinches, whitefly and moth, by making an insecticide with garlic, alcohol, washing soap and bulb onion.
- Locate it in places where it receives direct sun.This plant is tropical, therefore, it will not resist temperatures below 32 degrees.
- Make sure the pot where the plants have enough drainage.If you have it on land, there is no problem.
- Water frequently in summer.Decrease the frequency in winter because it can kill it.In this last case, the trick is to touch the earth to perceive if it is dry or needs water.
- Prune when you have a lot of foliage to favor the emergence of new flowers.
- Fertilize every month.(Subscribe and download the free ebook «How to make free organic fertilizer)
The hibiscus is easily propagated by cuttings or seeds.
Follow the procedure:
- Cut the cuttings that you will require from the base of the stem at a 45 degree angle.
- Remove all the leaves that have the esqueje, excepting the superiors.
- Wet the end where the cutting of the cutting is with organic liquid fertilizer.
- Prepare a pot with a mixture of two parts of potting soil, one part of river sand and one part peat moss.Remember to verify that it has good drainage.It prefers side holes.
- Water the ground ensuring it is well moist.
- Make a hole in the earth with your finger to sow the cutting to 4 centimeters from the base of the cut.
- Put the pot where it receives semi-shade until it has turned on.
- Transplant to another pot or soil after 7 to 8 weeks.
- To spread by seed is easier, just make a small incision to it, wet with liquid fertilizer, prepare the pot as for the cutting and sow.You must also put the pot in half shade so that the seed sprout.
From the Asian continent, specifically from China, we get the hibiscus, a beautiful family plant of Malvaceae. Characterized by its oval green leaves, it is an ideal example to give a Mediterranean note to your garden. Its flowers are very characteristic and striking, as they have a corolla and large petals, as well as a variety of colors (yellow, orange, red, pink, purple, blue, white …). And, as for the care … Easy! Do you want to know more about this evergreen shrub? So, do not stop reading the following article . Next, we give you the best tips with which you will learn how to care for a hibiscus in a simple way. Take note and plant a lovely hibiscus in your garden!
Steps to follow:1
The hibiscus is a plant of tropical origin, so it is recommended to plant it in warmer areas; Whatever it is, if you decide to have a hibiscus, the ideal thing will be to keep it safe from cold and frost.
To grow well you need a temperature that oscillates between 14 and 18 degrees during the cold months, so we recommend growing it indoors to preserve that temperature. As for the light, it is important that you place the hibiscus in a well-lit place where it is steeped in the sun’s rays, especially during the first hours of the day.
Being a shrub that needs a warm climate, it also requires abundant watering , especially during the summer months. The hibiscus blooms in hot seasons and, therefore, it is essential that the soil is always moist and away from small puddles, so you can drain well and grow with strength.
However, in the cold months, the hibiscus hardly needs water . The ideal thing during winter is to spray your leaves regularly to moisten them a bit, but without the need to soak the sand. If the temperatures in summer are very high, frequent spraying is also recommended, to keep the humidity in the hibiscus.
The hibiscus needs to be planted in fertile, moist, well-drained soil rich in organic matter to grow properly. As for the fertilizer, you must take into account the phase of the cycle in which the hibiscus is: during the spring you will have to add granulated fertilizer of slow compound release and, for the time of flowering (from spring to summer), you will have to pay it every 15 days approximately with liquid fertilizer.
Another important aspect to take care of a hibiscus optimally is its pruning . If you want your flowering to be spectacular and striking, you must take this factor into account. The pruning is done in the spring and, to do it, you must first cut the buds of the previous year to get an attractive shape. Eliminate, also, all those dead or damaged branches to avoid spoiling the others. Finally, you must cut the old stems so that they grow liberated.
Think that the hibiscus is a very sensitive plant, especially to red spiders, woodlice, aphids or whitefly. Therefore, if you want your plant to grow healthy, you must pay close attention to prevent these pests from damaging it . You will find the right pesticides in a specialized gardening shop.
The hibiscus not only suffers with pests, it can also suffer from some diseases that reduce its appearance. If you see that their leaves turn yellowish , you should remedy them quickly. This anomaly can occur both due to excess irrigation and nutrient deficit, so you should reduce the amount of irrigation and use fertilizer more frequently (every 15 days approximately).
If, on the other hand, you notice that the hibiscus drops the cocoons before opening them, it will be telling you that the temperature is too cold and the environment is dry. Try to always be in warm conditions, similar to tropical.
This plant, in addition to producing flowers of spectacular beauty, in many countries is used for medicinal purposes. It is time to prune it, so that it has a more intense flowering. We tell you how to do it.
The hibiscus, from the family Malváceas, is a plant from Asia and with more than 220 different varieties. It is distinguished by the beauty of its flowers that, depending on the variety, can be simple or double. They have a trumpet shape, five red petals most of the time, although they can also be white, pink, purple or yellow. Some, of hybrid species, can measure 20 cm in diameter. The two most common are the Rose of China, or common hibiscus , whose leaves and flowers are edible, and the Rose of Syria or hibiscus syriacus. The latter is somewhat smaller and better resistant to cold, although its properties are similar.
When does this plant bloom?
Flowering in continental climates occurs in summer and in tropical and subtropical climates throughout the year.
Is it advisable to prune it to give more flowers?
Yes, it is advisable to make a good pruning at the beginning of spring, so that the plant gives more flowers, although in the adult specimens the best thing is to cut only the spoiled stems and the ones that stick out to give it a good shape.
What type of soil do you need?
The hibiscus requires a fairly moist soil, well drained, if possible that is fertile and rich in organic matter.
Is it convenient to change the potted hibiscus?
The best time to do it is in the spring. But it is not advisable to pass the plant to a much larger pot, since if the hibiscus is too loose it will only give leaves.
At what time should the transplant be performed?
When you see that the roots begin to be tight or that they come out of the hole in the drain, it is time to change to another larger pot.
Where is it better to place it?
In summer we will take it outside in the early hours, putting it in the shade in the hottest hours and always protected from the wind. In winter the ideal is to have it in a cool environment, away from the heating.
You need to be in a very bright place, you can directly give the sunlight, yes, always avoiding the central hours in summer. . Advisable temperature: The ideal temperature for the hibiscus is between 13 and 21º C.
It does not withstand the cold nor survive the frost.
In spring and summer every three or four days, trying that the earth is always humid but being very careful not to flood the plant. It is also convenient to spray the leaves with some regularity.
During flowering, fertilize with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants once a month.
PROPERTIES OF THE HIBISCUS
According to popular wisdom, the common hibiscus is very moisturizing since it is very rich in mucilage.
The infusion of the plant is also good for the digestive system. To make it, you have to put a teaspoon of dried flowers in boiling water.
Also steam hibiscus vapors are recommended for the respiratory system.
With fibers and tender stems , fibers are produced and then used to make paper.
From the juice of its petals a black dye used in shoe store is taken out.
Leaves and buds have pustules . This is because the plant has rust. Spray with copper.
– White and brown spots appear on the leaves . This indicates that there are fungi. Carefully remove and burn all affected leaves. Apply a fungicide.
– The roots have rot . Too much watering Let the earth dry and space the irrigations more.
– The leaves have black spots and gray mold . The plant has botrytis. Carefully wash the foliage and then apply a fungicide on the leaves.
– The leaves acquire a yellow tone . This happens when there is an excess of irrigation or the plant has a lack of iron. Apply a specific fertilizer.
I am Don Burke, one of the authors at My Garden Guide. I am a horticulturist that cultivates, grows, and cares for plants, ranging from shrubs and fruits to flowers. I do it in my own garden and in my nursery. I show you how to take care of your garden and how to perform garden landscaping in an easy way, step by step.I am originally from Sydney and I wrote in local magazines. Later on, I have decided, more than two decades ago, to create my own blog. My area of specialization is related to orchid care, succulent care, and the study of the substrate and the soil. Therefore, you will see many articles dedicated to these disciplines. I also provide advice about how to improve the landscape design of your garden.