With a mediterranean garden you get the holiday feeling at home. We show you what such a garden is all about and what you need for it.
Everything is better and more beautiful on holiday. This is primarily due to the fact that you can relax during your holiday and leave the stress of everyday life behind you. As soon as the holiday is over and everyday life has us back again, there is usually not much left of relaxation.
So why not bring the holiday feeling into your own garden and create a place of relaxation? We will show you how this works in the following.
What makes a Mediterranean garden?
If you want to create a Mediterranean garden, then you should know that this project can be implemented in different ways. The decisive factor is which style – i.e. the garden design of the various Mediterranean regions – you prefer.
The following styles are distinguished:
- Tuscan style – lush vegetables and hospitality as a guiding principle
- Italian style – geometric shapes dominate the garden
- South French style – near-natural gardens, therefore mainly gravel and lavender
- Moorish style – focus on water and mosaics
- Greek style – characteristic: contrast between blue (for the sea) and white (for the clouds)
What the Mediterranean regions have in common is the mild, warm weather, which invites you to stay outdoors. However, since the sun shines very intensively in these regions at noon, shadows and the use of water play an important role.
Due to the climate, the plants there grow more luxuriantly and the variety of vegetables, fruit, spices and herbs more luxuriantly than with us precipitates.
Another characteristic feature of the Mediterranean gardens is the garden design with natural materials in natural colours. The use of terracotta plays a particularly important role – for example in the form of vases as decoration.
As already mentioned at the beginning, shadow also plays an important role in the Mediterranean garden. Here, for example, a pergola is ideal – preferably made of cast iron or natural wood. These are not only suitable as sun protection, but also as a seating area. For these you should also use natural materials – cast-iron chairs and tables – perhaps even decorated with mosaics – are just as suitable as rattan furniture which can be found at TecTake, for example. Decorated with beautiful seat cushions, rattan beds, for example, can invite you to linger comfortably.
Mediterranean garden – Requirements for location, light and soil
As already mentioned, the sun plays an important role in Mediterranean gardens. It is therefore important that the sun is shining for at least half a day. Existing large trees, which take the sun out of the garden, can disturb. You should either cut them down or shorten them so that the garden still gets enough sun. The seating area in particular should get a lot of sun. But even the beds can’t do without enough sun.
Since in our latitudes there can sometimes be rough winds and temperatures, you should check in advance where protected angles lie and where cold air collects. For example, you can position minimum maximum thermometers, such as those found at thermometerwelt.de, at various points in your garden.
This will give you an idea of where you can lay out your Mediterranean garden.
A minimum maximum thermometer records the minimum and maximum temperatures occurring over a longer period of time – minutes, hours or days – and simultaneously displays the current temperature.
If you want to integrate Mediterranean plants into your garden, you should pay attention to a light soil interspersed with coarse sand and humus in your garden. This is saturated with oxygen and prevents the formation of waterlogging in winter.
If you have a heavy soil in your garden, you can loosen it up and enhance it with plenty of coarse sand or gravel and humus.
Materials in the Mediterranean Garden
The materials to be used depend on the style that you would like to create. But as already mentioned, natural materials are the cornerstone of Mediterranean garden design. The differences lie in the detail.
For example, natural wood and sandstone or quartzite are suitable as frost-resistant alternatives to limestone, which is popular in Tuscany, for the rustic garden of Tuscany.
Terracotta plays an important role in Italian garden design. You should also use gravel and light natural stone in such a garden.
Also in the French garden the gravel should not be missing. You should combine cast iron or metal bistro furniture for this purpose. You can find suitable bistro furniture in various online shops.
“Tip: LadenZeile.de offers an overview of the offers of various online shops.
A particularly colourful element of garden design can be achieved in Moorish style with mosaics and ceramics.
Structural elements and decorations in the Mediterranean garden
You can achieve a particularly classic Mediterranean flair by using a shady pergola. Here you have the opportunity to thank them with typical Mediterranean plants.
You can also create a Mediterranean atmosphere in your garden with the right design of seating areas – e.g. a terrace – if you use light natural colours and surfaces – e.g. natural stone tiles or a small natural stone wall as a boundary.
Of course the decorative elements from the respective region should not be missing. For example, you can sit on statues in an Italian garden or on water basins or fountains in a Moorish-inspired garden.
You should also make sure that the fabrics used for the upholstery in the furniture match the selected style.
The heart of the Mediterranean garden is formed by the plants used.
If you have a well protected place in your garden, there can be fig varieties like Abicou. Baker or Brown Turkey.
However, most trees typical of the Mediterranean region are not hardy. Therefore, it makes sense to resort to hardy alternatives.
Since the olive tree is only conditionally winter-hardy, some “Doppelgänger” offer themselves, which resemble this optically very much and are winter-hardy. These include the willow-leaved pear and the oil willow.
The cypresses from the Mediterranean region are also not hardy and would not thrive very well in our regions. As an alternative you can fall back on column yews, Leyland cypresses and the columnar growing juniper.
If you are looking for an alternative to the pine, the black pine, which looks very similar to the pine with its umbrella-like crown, is just right for you.
There are palm trees that can also thrive in our regions. This includes, for example, the Chinese hemp palm.
In Mediterranean gardens, box trees are often planted to separate beds and paths. The advantage of these plants is that they are easy and precise to shape.
You should also put your faith in the vines in the Mediterranean garden, which embody the serenity that is so typical of the Mediterranean regions.
❀ Potted plants
However, if you do not want to do without the olive tree in your garden, it is advisable to plant it in a terracotta tub and leave it in a sheltered room for the winter.
By the way, this also applies to other hardy plants from the Mediterranean that are not or only partially hardy:
❀ Bedding plants
Among the Mediterranean bedding plants there are many hardy species that you can plant in your garden without hesitation.
These include herbs such as
and perennials like
I am Don Burke, one of the authors at My Garden Guide. I am a horticulturist that cultivates, grows, and cares for plants, ranging from shrubs and fruits to flowers. I do it in my own garden and in my nursery. I show you how to take care of your garden and how to perform garden landscaping in an easy way, step by step.I am originally from Sydney and I wrote in local magazines. Later on, I have decided, more than two decades ago, to create my own blog. My area of specialization is related to orchid care, succulent care, and the study of the substrate and the soil. Therefore, you will see many articles dedicated to these disciplines. I also provide advice about how to improve the landscape design of your garden.