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Home arrow The Daily Dirt arrow Thursday Tips & Techniques: Bogs
Thursday Tips & Techniques: Bogs Print E-mail
Written by Heleigh Bostwick    Thursday, 01 September 2016
Spruce bog

There are many types of wetlands and a bog is one of them. So is a freshwater marsh, a swamp, a tidal marsh, and a rain garden, which is the cultivated equivalent of a wet meadow. As you can see there are different gradients of wetlands, each with their own particular plant species that thrive in that environment.

Bogs, which are one of several ecosystems referred to as peatlands, compose 1% of the world’s surface and as you may guessed, are the primary source of peat, which is formed when sphagnum moss decomposes. Bogs are primarily found in the northern hemisphere above 40 degrees N. latitude, but in most cases, no matter whether you’re in Russia, Scandinavia, the UK, Canada, or the US, bogs pretty much look the same—similar to the spruce bog pictured above.

Bogs are highly acidic (pH 3.0) creating an environment that is conducive to growing specific types of plants such as sphagnum moss (pictured below), azaleas, cranberries, blueberries, heath, sundews (the reddish-green plant pictured below), and pitcher plants.

Sundews and sphagnum moss

It’s possible to create your own bog garden at home either from the runoff from a downspout for example, because you have a low point on your property that collects water, or even in a container but you’ll probably want to scale it down just a bit by sticking to just a few plants and keeping the scale fairly small at first.

Recommended reading:
The Natural Habitat Garden
The Book of Swamp and Bog: Trees, Shrubs, and Wildflowers of the Eastern Freshwater Wetlands

Photo source: Picture of sundew plants taken by: Noah Elhardt - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/